National Symbols Of India

National Symbols Of India
National Symbols Of India

National Symbols Of India

National Symbols Of India: Saka Calendar, Vande Mataram, the National Emblem of India, Mango, Tiranga, Jana Gana Mana, Ganga, the Royal Bengal Tiger, the Ganges River Dolphin, the Indian Banyan, the Indian Peacock, the Indian Rupee, the King Cobra, the Indian Elephant, the Lotus, the Pumpkin, and the National Pledge are the 17 national symbols of India.

17 National Symbols List

The symbols of our nation represent its heritage and pride. These 17 Indian national symbols represent the country’s culture and traditions, which we Indians spread throughout the world.

S.No. Title Symbols
1. National Flag Tiranga
2. National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
3. National Calendar Saka calendar
4. National River Ganga
5. National Animal Royal Bengal Tiger
6. National Tree Indian Banyan
7. National Aquatic Animal Ganges River Dolphin
8. National Song Vande Mataram
9. National Emblem National Emblem of India
10. National Fruit Mango
11. National Bird Indian Peacock
12. National Flower Lotus
13. National Vegetable Pumpkin
14. Oath of Allegiance National Pledge
15. National Currency Indian Rupee
16. National Reptile King Cobra
17. National Heritage Animal Indian Elephant


1. National Emblem

On the summit of an Ashokan pillar at Sarnath, near Varanasi, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, the National Emblem of India depicts four lions. It has carvings of an elephant, a horse, a bull, and a lion spaced apart by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus at its base, which is also known as the Dharma Chakra or Wheel of Law. On January 26, 1950, the Indian government decided to use this symbol as its National Emblem.

2. National flag

Tiranga is India’s flag, and it is its national flag. Pingali Venkayya created the flag, which the Constituent Assembly approved on July 22, 1947. The country’s bravery and strength are symbolized by the top saffron color. The white middle band demonstrates harmony and truth with Dharma Chakra. The land’s fertility, growth, and auspiciousness are portrayed by the color green. Its design is similar to the wheel on the abacus of Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital.

3. National Currency

India’s currency is the rupee, or INR. India’s currency is the rupee. The Reserve Bank of India monitors currency movement. Udayakumar Dharmalingam is credited with creating the Indian rupee.

4. National anthem

The five stanzas of the Indian national anthem “Jana-gana-mana” were all written by the renowned Indian poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. The first time it was performed was on December 27, 1911, in Calcutta at a meeting of the Indian National Congress in then-colonial India. In 1957, the Calendar Committee introduced the Saka Calendar. The official beginning of the Saka Calendar was on March 22, 1957, the first Chaitra of the 1879 Saka Era.

5. Oath of Allegiance

The Indian national oath of allegiance is known as the Oath of Allegiance. The national anthem maintains peace, unity, and brotherhood throughout the nation.

6. National Song

Bankim Chandra Chaterjee wrote “Vande Mataram” for his Bengali book “Anand Math.” The independence fighters of the time quickly adopted the song, which oozed patriotic fervor and admiration for the motherland.

7. National Flower

India’s National Flower The water lily, a member of the Nymphaea family of aquatic plants, holds the title of India’s National Flower. The broad, precisely arranged petals of the large, lovely pink blossoms convey a sense of tranquility and elegance.

national symbol
national symbol

8. National Animal

Imperial Bengal Tiger is the public creature of India and positions among the greatest felines on the planet. Due to the declining number of tigers, it was chosen as India’s national animal in April 1973.

9. National Bird

The Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus), India’s national bird, is the national bird. The peacock, a bird of the subcontinent, is used in Indian culture as a symbol of the unity of vivid colors.

10. National Aquatic Animal

The Ganges waterway dolphin has been pronounced as the Public Sea-going Creature of India by the Indian government.

11. National Fruit

Indians have long referred to ripe, meaty mangoes as the “King of all fruits,” and they are unquestionably delicious. Mangoes are the national fruit of India. The raw pickles can be used to make spiced pickles, which are a staple of Indian cuisine.

12. National Reptile

The King Cobra, also known as the Snake Eater (Ophiophagus hannah), is the national reptile of India. It can be found in the forests of Southeast Asia and India.

13. National Tree

National Tree (Banyan Tree) The Banyan tree, officially known as Ficus benghalensis, is India’s national tree. Because it is associated with longevity and possesses important medicinal properties, the tree is frequently used as a representation of the fabled “Kalpa Vriksha,” or “Tree of Wish Fulfillment.”

14. National Hertiage Animal

The Indian elephant is the country’s national animal and its national heritage. Since elephants are on the verge of extinction, the Indian elephant was designated a national heritage animal as a precaution.

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