History of Jaipur

History of Jaipur
History of Jaipur

History of Jaipur

History of Jaipur: Jaipur, known as the Pink City, is a historic city located in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Its history is rich and fascinating, dating back to the early 18th century.

In 1727, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, decided to establish a new capital city. He commissioned the city’s construction to the Bengali architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, following the principles of Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra (Indian sciences of architecture and construction).

The city was meticulously planned and designed with precise geometric proportions, making it one of the earliest planned cities in India. The city’s layout incorporated wide streets, well-defined districts, and impressive architecture, reflecting both Mughal and Rajput influences.

One of the most iconic landmarks of Jaipur is the Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds), constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. This five-story palace with its unique honeycomb-like facade allowed royal women to observe street festivals and daily life while remaining unseen from the outside.

Jaipur became the capital of the princely state of Jaipur and remained a significant center of trade, culture, and administration. The city’s prominent position along trade routes contributed to its prosperity.


The name “Pink City” originates from the late 19th century. In 1876, to welcome the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), the entire city was painted pink, which symbolized hospitality in Rajput culture. The tradition continued, and today, many buildings within the old city area are painted in shades of pink, preserving the city’s distinctive appearance.

Jaipur’s rich heritage is visible in its numerous forts, palaces, temples, and gardens. The City Palace, Amber Fort, Jantar Mantar (an astronomical observatory), and Nahargarh Fort are among the architectural marvels that attract tourists from all over the world.

Over time, Jaipur has evolved into a vibrant city blending tradition with modernity. It’s not just a historical gem but also a bustling center for art, culture, and commerce, making it a must-visit destination in India.

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