Indira Gandhi Canal Project
Indira Gandhi Canal Project : In This post we define about Indira Gandhi Canal Project. It is a topic of General Knowledge. Read and learn about all Canal projects.
Indira Gandhi Canal
Nickname:- Lifeline of Maru Ganga and Desert.
Initial name :- Rajasthan Canal.
It was name after Indira Gandhi on 2nd November 1984.
The initial draft of this project was prepare by Sardul Singh and the chief engineer was Kanwar Sen, the initial cost of this project was estimated at Rs 64 crore.
Kanwar Sen prepared the draft of these ambitious plans for the first time in his report “Requirement of water in Bikaner state”.
In 1953, the first report of the project was prepared by the Central Irrigation and Shipping Commission, which was approve by the World Bank. This project was starting on 31 March 1958 by the then Home Minister Govind Vallabh Pant.
Rajasthan Canal Board was formed on 19th December 1958 and Kanwar Sen was made its first chairman.
On October 11, 1961, Dr. Radhakrishnan, the then Vice President of India, started this project by flowing water in Naurangadesar distributary of Rawatsar branch.
Note: – In this project, branches were proposed to be constructed for water distribution, but lift project was not proposed to be constructed. For the first time in the year 1963, the lift project was also included in the draft of this project. In 1968, the work of the first lift canal of this project, Kanwar Sen Lift Canal, started.
Irrigation Area Development Program was starting in 1974 for the development of irrigated area in this project.
Indira Gandhi Canal originates from Harike Barrage Ferozepur, Punjab situated at the confluence of Beas and Sutlej river. The total length of this canal is 649 km. (Harike Barrage from Ferozepur (Punjab) to Mohangarh (Jaisalmer))
It has a length of 204 km Rajasthan feeder. Which is from Harike barrage to Masitavali (Hanumangarh).
Note: – There is Rajasthan Main Canal from Masitawali to Mohangarh (Jaisalmer) which is 445 km long. The end point (Zero Point) of Indira Gandhi Canal Project is Gadra Road Barmer (Zero Point) Gadra Road Barmer. A sub-branch of Baba Ramdevra has been taken out from Mohangarh (Jaisalmer).
Rajasthan Feeder supplies water to the Rajasthan Canal. The length of Rajasthan feeder is 204 kilometer whose division is as follows –
34 kms in Rajasthan
19 kms in Haryana
51 kms in Punjab
9 branches were construct for water distribution in Indira Gandhi Canal –
1. Rawatsar Branch
2. Pugal Branch
3. Sagarmal Gopa Branch
4. Anupgarh Branch
5. Chaaran vala Branch
6. Dator Vala Branch
7. Suratgarh Branch
8. Raja Birbalram Branch
9. Barsalpur Branch
Lift Canal Scheme in Irrigation, Drinking Water and Water Management in Rajasthan: A Glance:-
Name of Lift Canal Scheme – District
1. Kolayat Lift Canal Scheme – Bikaner
2.Gajner Lift Canal Scheme – Bikaner
3.Bagdsar Lift Canal Scheme – Bikaner
4.Pokaran Lift Canal Scheme – Jaisalmer
5.Phalodi Lift Canal Scheme -Jodhpur
6.Gandeli-Sehwa Lift Canal Scheme – Churu
7.Barkatulla Khan Lift Canal Scheme (Gadar Road Branch) – Barmer
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